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Ideas to support your child’s English beyond the E31 classroom

Idées pour faire progresser votre enfant en anglais en dehors des cours d’English 31

The more opportunities your child has for speaking, listening, reading and writing English, the more independent and confident he/she will become. The experience of E31 teachers suggests that active use of English - that is, speaking and writing - is more effective than passive use - listening and reading - in terms of language development and therefore in building self-confidence. 

There are infinite ways to encourage your children to use English. Below is a selection of ideas that, in our experience, can really help. 

Plus votre enfant a d'opportunités de parler, entendre, lire et écrire l’anglais, plus il/elle va devenir indépendant et confiant. L’expérience des enseignants English 31 suggère que l’usage actif de l’anglais (parler et écrire) est plus efficace que l’usage passif (entendre et lire) pour développer une langue et ainsi prendre confiance.

Il y a un nombre infini de façons d’encourager votre enfant à utiliser l’anglais. Nous avons répertorié ci-dessous une sélection d’idées qui sont vraiment utiles d’après notre expérience.

Active uses of language:
Emplois actifs de la langue:

Active uses of language 1

Interacting with native-level or near-native speakers
Échanger avec les personnes dont l’anglais est la langue maternelle (ou qui maîtrisent l’anglais à un niveau quasi-courant)

Rich interactions (ie: pleasurable participation vs ‘homework’) such as:
Échanges riches (c’est à dire une participation agréable, par opposition à des ‘devoirs’) tels que :

-Talking about what you are doing in your daily context (cooking, shopping, gardening, washing, playing etc) and naming things in your environment (clothing, body parts, tools, toys etc) will turn everyday experiences into learning opportunities. At home there is the great advantage of using real and meaningful life experiences to prompt language growth. By talking about what your child is interested in, you are helping them make new connections in their thoughts and language.
- Parler de ce que vous faites au quotidien (la cuisine, les courses, du jardinage, la lessive, jouer etc), et identifier/nommer les choses autour de vous (vêtements, parties du corps, outils, jouets etc), transformera les expériences du quotidien en une occasion d’apprendre. A la maison, il y a un grand avantage de pouvoir utiliser des vraies expériences utiles de la vie pour inciter un apprentissage grandissant de langue. En discutant avec ce qui intéresse votre enfant, vous les aidez à faire de nouvelles connections dans leurs pensées et leur langage.

-Providing a good model of recounting what you did at the end of your day (covering when?, where?, what? etc...) so that when you ask your child “What did you do today” they know what is expected and are less likely to respond with “I can’t remember”!
- En fin de journée, donnez l’exemple en racontant ce que vous avez fait (quand, où, quoi etc). Ainsi, lorsque vous demanderez à votre enfant « qu’as-tu fait aujourd’hui ?», il saura ce qui est attendu de lui/elle et sera moins incité à répondre « je ne m’en rappelle pas ».

-Participating in board games and card games, telling jokes and singing songs, and for younger children, nursery rhymes…(you will find inspiration on YouTube by typing ‘nursery rhymes English’ into the search  bar) 
- Jouer à des jeux de société et jeux de carte, raconter des blagues, chanter des chansons, et pour les enfants plus jeunes, des comptines… (vous trouverez des idées sur YouTube en tapant ‘comptines en anglais’ dans la barre de recherche)

Here are some more  ideas to stimulate language  for 0-6yr-olds:
Voici quelques idées supplémentaires pour stimuler le langage des 0 - 6 ans :

https://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/activities-to-Encourage-speech-and-Language-Development/ 
-interacting with E31 and other anglophone friends, 
- échanger  avec des amis E31 et d’autres amis anglophones

-participating in telephone and video interactions with friends and family members,
- prendre part aux échanges par téléphone ou vidéo avec la famille et les amis

-meeting different people who can speak the minority language.
- rencontrer des gens différents qui parlent anglais.

It is also important to be consistent in linguistic behaviour at home (Colin Baker points out  that there are many different ways of being consistent: one parent, one language; a holiday language and a round-the-year language’ a weekday language and a Sunday language; everyone speaking their preferred language etc…) It’s up to you to choose one that suits your family.
Il est également important d’être consistant dans votre comportement linguistique à la maison (Colin Baker démontre qu’il y a plusieurs façons d’être consistant : un parent = une langue ; une langue en vacances et une langue pour tous les jours de l’année ; une langue en semaine et une langue le dimanche ; chacun parle tout simplement sa langue préférée etc). C’est à vous de décider ce qui va mieux à votre famille.

You don’t have many opportunities to speak to native-level speakers? See the list of active language opportunities in Toulouse below.
Vous n’avez pas souvent l’occasion de parler à des personnes dont l’anglais est la langue maternelle ? Voici ci-dessous une liste d’opportunités de langage actif à Toulouse.
 

Active uses of language 2

Interacting with non-native level, but confident speakers 
Echanger avec les personnes qui maîtrisant bien la langue

The activities suggested for native speakers apply and parents can show particular interest in their children’s English class work by asking them what they are studying, by reading through their work and by discussing it with them and by helping them revise. Your support and encouragement in this way will help your children a great deal - even if you are not a native speaker.
Les activités suggérées pour les personnes dont l’anglais est la langue maternelle sont applicables. De plus, les parents peuvent montrer un intérêt particulier dans le travail de classe d’anglais de leurs enfants en leur demandant ce qu’ils étudient, en lisant leur travail et en discutant avec eux, et en les aidant à réviser. Votre soutien et vos encouragements en ce sens aideront énormément votre enfant – même si vous n’êtes pas d’origine anglophone.


Here are some more tips specially targeted at parents of younger children to help develop oral language skills: http://www.cadellps.sa.edu.au/docs/ORAL%20LANGUAGE%20TIPS%20FOR%20PARENTS.pdf 

Voici quelques idées visant particulièrement les parents des enfants plus jeunes pour les aider à développer leurs compétences en langage parlé :
 

Active uses of language 3

Production of language
Production de langage

Production of language  includes anything which helps the student to produce something in English. Encourage enjoyable participation and risk taking. Keep in mind that expressing ideas is initially more important than perfect grammar or spelling. 
La production de langage comprend tout ce qui peut aider l’élève à produire quelque chose en anglais. Encouragez une participation ludique et qui challenge. Gardez en tête que l’expression d’idées est initialement plus importante que d’avoir une grammaire ou une orthographe parfaites.

Some ideas:
Quelques idées :
-telling stories. For younger children, you can prompt them to include and describe the main story components: the characters, the setting, the plot, the conflict, and the resolution.
- raconter des histoires. Pour les plus jeunes, vous pouvez les inciter à inclure et décrire les composantes principales de l’histoire : les personnages, le cadre, le complot, le conflit, et la solution.

-keeping a diary or writing blog posts in English.
- écrire un journal ou écrire/poster des blogs en anglais.

-interacting with others via e-mails, letters, social media or suitable on-line penpal platforms (such as studentsoftheworld.com).
- échanger avec d’autres via email, courrier, média social ou d’autres plateformes de correspondant en ligne appropriées (ex. studentsoftheworld.com)

-having your children write shopping lists and recipes in English, write a novel or a comic book. You can create comics by using computer software or applications such as the Toontastic app https://apps.apple.com/us/app/toontastic-3d/id1145104532 , 
-getting creative and recording Podcasts or videos. 
- encourager votre enfant à écrire des listes de courses et des recettes en anglais, écrire un roman ou une BD. Vous pouvez créer des BD avec des logiciels ou applications tels que ‘Toontastic app’ https://apps.apple.com/us/app/toontastic-3d/id1145104532

- Don’t know what to write or speak about? Get some inspiration here: https://www.pobble365.com/ where a new picture and story starter is presented every day of the year.
- Vous ne savez pas de quoi écrire ou parler ? Trouvez de l’inspiration ici : https://www.pobble365.com/ où une nouvelle image et un début d’histoire sont présentés chaque jour de l’année.

A note on spelling: To help overcome difficulties with spelling common words you can help by dictating ‘tricky’ spelling words at regular intervals to help your child master them. Remember that the more students read and write, the less spelling mistakes tend to occur.
Un mot sur l’orthographe: pour aider à résoudre des difficultés d’orthographe sur les mots courants, vous pouvez dicter les mots ‘difficiles’ de façon régulière pour aider votre enfant à les mémoriser. Rappelez-vous que plus l’élève lit et écrit, moins il fera de fautes d’orthographe.
 

Passive uses of English:
Usages passifs de l’anglais :
 

Passive Number 4 - Reading 

Note: As Erika Hoff & Cynthia Core point out in their research article: “Reading begins in the first year of life. If materials in both languages are available for the child to hold and glance through and if books are read to the child in both languages, biliteracy is encouraged before a child begins to decode words on a page”
Let your child choose the books he/she wants to read. Enthusiasm is key.
Plan some reading time where you read next to your child - each with your own book or alternating reading aloud words or sentences or pages according to your child’s desires and capacities.

Reading books, e-books, magazines, web-sites, instructions, text messages...or even recipes. This site  https://www.nomsterchef.com/home  presents recipes which are adapted for children aged 2-12yrs.


-Re-reading books/texts that you have already read is very valuable for developing vocabulary and concepts - so it is not necessarily vital to constantly provide new reading material. 


-Here are some tips on how you can focus on developing vocabulary through books: http://homeliteracyblueprint.com/building-vocabulary/  
Or this site: https://www.readingrockets.org/article/building-your-child-s-vocabulary


-And here are some general reading tips from the Booktrust for parents of children of all ages https://www.booktrust.org.uk/books-and-reading/tips-and-advice/reading-tips/
Your child doesn’t like to read? Try some of  these ideas: https://www.pelicantalk.com/resources/Newsletter_Articles/27.%20Reluctant%20Readers.pdf 
Your child is starting to learn his letters and sounds or is struggling to learn them?


-Try Mr Thorne’s lessons: https://www.youtube.com/user/breakthruchris where phonemes and graphemes are presented in individual videos by a likeable British guy and his friend Geraldine the Giraffe.


-Or try the BBC programme called Alphablocks which uses characters of the letter sounds to 'build up' words.


-There is also a website called www.letters-and-sounds.com. Which breaks the sounds down into phases, 1 to 6.   As a guide, in E31 the phase 2 begins in CP (ie: UK year 2).  Normally phases 2 and 3 (and possibly the beginning of phase 4) are covered in CP. Phases 4, 5 and 6 are covered in CE1 with both 5 and 6 being revisited in CE2.


-or: try the free computer-based Teach Your Monster to Read which has 3 different ability levels to choose from and is produced in the UK: https://www.teachyourmonstertoread.com/about-the-game/what-does-each-game-cover   
Not sure what to read? It is important that the choice of books is motivating. Begin by looking in the E31 libraries (see below). You can also try searching on-line for suitable books and keep in mind that many classic English books are available on-line for free. 


-You can buy English books via bookdepository.uk (free delivery) or similar on-line options. To find suitable books you can use the search terms ‘Year X reading list UK’ (so for example for a child in CE2 the following words could be used: ‘year 4 reading list UK’) always taking into account your child’s level of reading.
For students in the lower years: GS -CP Year 1 and 2 UK and CE1-CE2 Year 3 and 4 UK


-Booktrust offers books with audio and text. Check the link to their YouTube channel which has numerous books presented on video. https://www.booktrust.org.uk/books-and-reading/have-some-fun/storybooks-and-games/open-very-carefully/ 


 -Unite for Literacy provides short picture books and also has the option of audio (American accent) and a suggested activity to do at home at the end of each book. https://www.uniteforliteracy.com/ 
 For older students in CM1-CM2 Year 5 and 6 UK and 6eme-3eme : 


- (Commonlit  is a US based website for children in grades 3+ that is, UK year 4+ or CE2+) https://www.commonlit.org/en/library  You can search texts by grade level, genre, literary device etc. One very nice feature is the integration of word definitions integrated into the texts and the option of audio if you sign-in.


- There is the on-line school magazine   https://theschoolmagazine.com.au/ which contains stories, plays, poems, non-fiction and activities for readers of 4 different age groups: 7-9, 9-10,10-11 and 11+years


-You can search for books in the children's library by age, length (picture books or chapter books) fiction or nonfiction http://www.childrenslibrary.org/icdl/SimpleSearchCategory?ids=&pnum=1&cnum=1&text=&lang=English&ilangcode=en&ilang=English&langid=11 


-And this one is especially for teenagers: https://www.wattpad.com/stories/teenfiction 
Want to read current events/ news stories?


-for 7-14 year-olds there is :https://www.firstnews.co.uk/  or the https://theweekjunior.co.uk/– which are both weekly paper-based newspapers from the UK that require paid subscriptions.


-But if you want current events on-line for free, young people could read: https://www.dogonews.com/ or https://www.kidsnews.com.au/news , and for older students there is https://newsela.com/ 


-Or if your child is not interested in the news, you could choose to subscribe to a suitable monthly magazine. For example, from the UK:
https://www.newsstand.co.uk/690-childrens-educational-magazines/subscriptions.aspx 
 

Passive Number 5 - Reading opportunities 

-Take advantage of the E31 school libraries sections. Students are encouraged to borrow books from our English31 library sections across primary (E31 classroom), collège (room 132) and lycée (CDI).  


-Some public libraries have sections dedicated to English books. Ask your local library and take a look. (especially in and around Toulouse)


-You could try book sharing with other E31 families.


-Second-hand books are often for sale on local Facebook pages and from local sales (eg: TWIG annual book fair). 


-To give your kids the true feeling of being in an English bookshop visit ‘The Bookshop’ in Toulouse: https://thebookshop.fr
Passive uses of English specifically for History-Geography for collège and lycée :
Reading History-Geography


-History Today Magazine - print or app subscription


-National Geographic magazine for Geography


-History Extra (run by the BBC) - magazine and podcasts


-Horrible Histories are a popular series of books that can appeal to children from CM1 to early college 
Listening History-Geography


-You're Dead to Me - Kids History podcast. Highly recommended. 


-Kids in the past - short podcasts on life as a child in different ages


-The Past & The Curious - History podcast for kids
Watching History-Geography


-Horrible Histories video adaptations of the book series for children from CM1 to early college https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLRlbIiRJTXx9vsxVY90cWuaZQhLrZB2Z1 
Reading, listening and watching history-geography:


-History Hit - the Netflix for History with a hundreds of podcasts, documentaries and articles. Regularly updated and a wide range of topics. It's also divided into age specific sections in 'Collections' so there is Key Stage 3 for lower collège. Small subscription

Passive Number 6 - Listening

Including listening to people, English radio programs,  Podcasts, audio books and music
There is sure to be something that focuses on your child’s interests. 


-The Storylineonline site which presents famous actors (mainly American) reading picture-story books and which is suitable for younger students https://www.storylineonline.net/ or try 'Mrs Rutland Reads' on Youtube. Mrs Rutland demonstrates (with a UK accent) how to read stories whilst also talking about the books to encourage children's interest and to develop their vocabulary and language.


-There is also this site Storyberries with stories and audio with text in order to read along :https://www.storyberries.com/ .You can select according to age 0-12yrs, theme, length and some of them are even animated.


-And this poetry archive presents poetry for ages 0-16yrs : https://childrens.poetryarchive.org/ with the bonus of many of the poems being read by their authors.


-Audio books are available to buy here: https://stories.audible.com/start-listen) or these following sites are free: -The BBC has some audio books https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/category/audiobooks?sort=popular or try here at Lit2Go  https://etc.usf.edu/lit2go/ which includes some classics (and also poetry, speeches etc.) and also provide accompanying texts to read along with ( note: Lit2Go is a US based website so Grade 4 the US for example = Year 5 in the UK = CM1)


-For current affairs: for older children you could try listening to Newsround – CBBC news channel https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround or other news channels.

Passive Number 7 - Watching 

Watching anglophone TV or films in English/VO, appropriate Youtube videos etc (the use of subtitles can help to reinforce vocabulary). 
Again, there is sure to be something that focuses on your child’s interests. 


-For younger students, here are some short animated stories from the British Council: https://learnenglishkids.britishcouncil.org/short-stories with the possibility of printing the text. And these stories from the BBC also have subtitles: https://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/features/childrens-stories 


-Younger children might like to watch quality public television programs many of which can be viewed via YouTube.  For example: 


 -from the USA there is the PBS (eg: Wild Kratts, Word Girl, Arthur Read, Sid the Science Kid, The Magic School Bus, Super Why) , 
- from the UK there is the BBC (eg: Nina and the Neurons, Blue Peter, and current events https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround ) , 
- from Australia there is the ABC (eg:Bluey  or Play School for example which are both very good for 3-6year-olds)

Some Passive Learning Links (Websites with activities)

http://boowakwala.uptoten.com/kids/boowakwala-home.html Two characters (Boowa and Kwala) present French-English songs and games for children 2-10yrs 


https://learnenglishkids.britishcouncil.org/?_ga=2.6431602.116992572.1584089814-1069748142.1584089814 British Council offers activities for children in all areas of communication (listening, reading, writing….)